- European Y-chromosome DNA (Y-DNA) haplogroups by country - Videos.
- N1c represents the western extent of haplogroup N, which is found all over the Far East (China, Korea, Japan), Mongolia and Siberia, especially among Uralic speakers of northern Siberia.
Author: Maciamo Hay. Last update March 2018 (history)
Distribution of haplogroup N1c in Europe
Phylogeny of N1c
Note that N1c was known as N3 and N1c1 as N3a in the official phylogeny prior to 2008.
- 1. Progressive assimilation of the northern Sami populations by Scandinavian/Germanic people since the Iron Age
- 2. Immigration from Germany and Poland in the last two millennia.
- 3. Population exchange with Finland and the Baltic countries when these came under Scandinavian rule, particularly during the eight centuries of political union between Sweden and Finland.
- Samoyedic (Nganasans, Enets, Nenets and Selkups)
- Baltic Finnic (Finnish, Karelian, Estonia, etc.)
- Permic (Komi, Udmurt)
- Saamic (Saami)
- Volgaic (Mari, Mordvin)
- Ob-Ugric (Khanty, Mansi)
Origins & History
Haplogroup N is a descendant of East Asian macro-haplogroup NO. It is believed to have originated in Indochina or southern China approximately 15,000 to 20,000 years ago.
Did Ural-Altaic languages originate with haplogroup N in the Manchurian Neolithic?
Famous N1c1 individuals
According to the descendant testing listed at the Russian Nobility DNA Project at FTDNA, the branch of the Rurik dynasty descended from Vladimir II Monomakh (Monomakhoviches) belong to Y-DNA haplogroup N1c1-L550 (Y4343 subclade), and includes Alexander Nevsky (1220-1263) and Ivan the Terrible (1530-1584). Notwithstanding, the branch descended from Vladimir II Monomakh's presumed paternal cousin Oleg I of Chernigov (Olgoviches) belonged to R1a1a. The Y-DNA from the Proto-Rurikid branches is N1c1 and matches the distinctive haplotype of the Monomakhoviches. Furthermore, this N1c1 haplotype possess the distinctive value DYS390=23, found in Scandinavia but not in Uralic populations, confirming that this was indeed the original haplotype of the Varangian prince Rurik (c. 830-c. 879) who established the Kievan Rus'.
An offshoot of Geminids is the Jagiellonian dynasty who ruled as the Kings of Poland and Grand Dukes of Lithuania from 1386 to 1572, and also include two Kings of Bohemia, Hungary and Croatia between 1471 and 1526.
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