Annona muricata (Annonaceae):
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A Review of Its Traditional Uses, Isolated Acetogenins and Biological Activities
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In general, all parts of the soursop tree are useful as a drug, but for the purposes of making botanicals that are used are the leaves, bark and flowers soursop.
With a myriad of benefits, soursop plants can be cultivated as a medicinal herb in addition to bringing health benefits also having the economic opportunity to produce enriched
traditional medicine archipelago.
As an herbal medicine entrepreneur, basically soursop leaves can be processed into a particular botanicals (extracts) into capsules or herbal tea.
The process of making crude soursop leaf consists of several stages, washing, draining, chopping, drying and packaging. All of the above steps should be taken to prevent the loss of nutritious substances that are contained in the leaves of the soursop.
Simplicia of good soursop leaves is when the water level is low at between 10% – 15%, it does not contain impurities, and there is no deviation in color, flavor and aroma.
Selected soursop leaves are not too old or too young. Leaves should be taken into 4 or 5 from the end. Selection by this method is used in this condition because the content of annonaceous acetoginin is highest. While both plants that are used as a source of crude is soursop plant that grows at an altitude of 50 meters above sea level. Leaves that have been learned then insert into the basket.
Soursop leaves that are washed with water cleanly are free of dirt, soil and dust. This is important because dirt can affect the properties that contain within these materials. Washing can be done as needed.
After washing, soursop leaves can be drained in a perforated basket containers so that water can drip down. Drying aims to reduce the water content, maintain the physiological material and preserve and maintain product quality. Method of drying can be done in two ways, namely dry it under the sun or aerate it at room temperature.
Drying bulbs soursop leaves with the help of sunlight is usually done for 3-5 days or after the water level is below 8%. The trick is to hang soursop leaf on a mat or frame dryer. During drying of soursop leaf must be turned every 4 hours to dry evenly. Another way is to use a drying oven rack. Soursop leaves that have been drained and spread out in a baking dish oven with a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes. Furthermore soursop leaf botanicals are ready packed and stored in a dry and protected from the sun to prevent damage. The packaging aims to maintain the quality of soursop leaf botanicals that has been produced. Packaging that is chosen should be capable of preventing the entry of water vapor into the finished product. Thus bulbs are not easy to mold that will harm health if it is consumed. Then bulbs can be made with a variety of forms such as cooking ingredients, dry powder, or soursop leaf extract materials.
Ways of making soursop leaf tea is basically the same as the manufacture of crude soursop leaves. Only there is chopping the soursop leaves of the tea-making process after draining stage. Thus when soursop leaf tea is brewed, with hot water will give compound colors like tea in general. In addition, the compounds contain in chopped soluble and extracted by water.
Stages of Soursop Leaf Tea-Making is as Follows:
Soursop leaf leaves selected are not too old or too young. Leaves should be taken into 4 or 5 from the end. Selection by this method because of the content annonaceous acetoginin these conditions is highest. While both plants are used as a source of crude is soursop plant that grows at altitudes above sea 50. Leaves that have been learned and then inserted into the basket.
Soursop leaves are washed with clean water to be free of dirt, soil and dust. This is important because dirt can affect the properties contained within these materials.
Washing can be done as needed. After washing, soursop leaves can be drained in a perforated basket container so its water can drip down. Chopping aims to speed up the drying process. Soursop leaves should be chopped with a sharp knife that is made from stainless steel. Then the chopped ingredients soursop results are stored in a clean container. Chopping of soursop leaves is dried by aerateing at room temperature or by using the oven.
Drying chopped soursop leaves with the help of the sun is usually done with a long time between 3-5 days or the water level is below 8%. During the period of drying chopped leaves of the soursop should be turned frequently turning every 4 hours to dry, uneven levels.
Another way of drying is to bake chopped leaves in a baking dish at a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius for 30 minutes. Furthermore soursop leaf tea is ready to consume. // graviola.fi
Efficacy of Soursop Leaf Extract For Health
- Antibacterial: To Inhibit bacterial growth
- Antiviruses: To pursue the development of virus
- Anticancer: To Inhibit cancer development
- Antitumor: To Inhibit tumor growth
- Antiparasitic: To Inhibit parasite development
- Antimalarials: Antimalarials
- Antileishmania: Antileishmania
- Antispasmodic: Substance that can relax smooth muscle
- Antikonfulsan: anticonvulsants
- Astrigen: Substances that wrinkle / shrink mucous membranes
- Antimutagenic: Substances that are inhibiting gene mutation
- Analgesic: Substances that can relieve pain / ache
- Anti-inflammatory: Substances that suppress inflammation are
- Febrifuge: Substances that lower fever
- Hypotensive: Substances that are lowering blood pressure
- Hypoglycemic: Substances that are lowering blood sugar levels
- Nervin: To strengthen nerve / nerve tonic
- Kardiodepresan: Pressing cardiac activity
- Galactogogue: Substances that can increase breast milk production
- Sedatives: Substances that are soothing
- Stomakik: Substance that strengthens the stomach and increase appetite
- Vasodilators: Substances that dilate blood vessels are
- Vermifuge: Substances that can kill intestinal worms
- Diuretics: The emetic of aurine
- Tranquilizers: Substances that are soothing
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Int J Mol Sci. 2015 Jul; 16(7): 15625–15658.
Annona muricata (Annonaceae): A Review of Its Traditional Uses, Isolated Acetogenins and Biological Activities
2. Botanical Description and Distribution
3. Ethnomedicinal Uses
4.1. Essential Oil
4.2. Annonaceous Acetogenins
5. Biological Activities
5.1. Anti-Arthritic Activity
5.2. Anticancer Activity
5.3. Anticonvulsant Activity
5.4. Antidiabetic and Hypolipidemic Activity
5.5. Anti-Inflammatory and Anti-Nociceptive Activities
5.6. Antioxidant Activity
5.7. Antihypertensive Activity
5.8. Antiparasitic Activity
5.9. Hepatoprotective and Bilirubin-Lowering Activity
5.10. Insecticidal Activity
5.11. Gastroprotective Activity
5.12. Molluscicidal Activity
5.13. Wound Healing Activity
Conflicts of Interest
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